The activity that has no purpose is unuseful, it wastes much energy. Reading without purposes means get nothing from the text s/he reads.
In this matter, Paris and Turner (1991) state that one of some kinds of reading strategies to comprehend a text is specifying a purpose for reading.
Related to this opinion above, Grabe & Stoller (2002: 13) give some purposes for reading, namely:
- Reading to search for simple information. It is a common reading ability; through some researchers see it as a relatively independent cognitive process.
- Reading to skim quickly. It is a common part of many reading tasks and a useful skill in its own rights. It involves, in essence, a combination of strategies for guessing where important information might be in text, and then using basic reading comprehension skills on those segments of the text until a general idea is formed.
- Reading to learn from text. It is typically occurs in academic and professional context in which a person needs to learn a considerable amount of information from a text.
- Reading to integrate information, It requires additional decisions about the relative importance of complementary, mutually supporting or conflicting information and the likely restructuring of rhetorical frame to accommodate information from multiple sources.
- Reading for general comprehension. It requires very rapid and automatic processing of words, strong skills in forming a general meaning representation of main ideas, and efficiently coordination of many processes under very limited time constraints.
Another opinion is suggested by Revers and Temperly in Nunan (1999: 251) that there are seven main purposes for reading:
- to obtain information for some purposes or because we are curious about some topics;
- to obtain some instruction on how to perform some tasks for our work or daily life (e.g., knowing how an appliance works);
- to act in a play, play a game, do a puzzle;
- to keep in touch with friends by correspondence or to understand business letter;
- to know when or where something will take place or what is available;
- to know what is happening or has happened (as reported in newspaper, magazine, reports);
- for enjoyed or excitement.
Based on the purposes for reading suggested by Revers and Temperly above, it tells us that the purposes of reading are to obtain and to convey us some information, such as how to perform something, to get the steps to do something, to know what has happened in other area and also for being happy. In summarizing, the purpose of reading is to get required and accuracy information in text by thinking individually, discussing it in pair and then trying to share the accuracy information which s/he has got to others. S/he does this process as efficient as possible.
Source: Thesis of Marlius